How do electric cars work?

Electric cars are the trend of the future, WhatCarCare’s article will help you understand more about this new vehicle.

electric cars
How do electric cars work?

In recent years, electric cars have become one of the prominent trends in the automotive industry.

Currently, almost all traditional car manufacturers have been developing their own electric car models. Only companies such as Tesla are solely focused on producing electric cars.

This has sparked public interest in electric cars, their structure, operation, and the differences between electric cars and traditional cars.

The structure of an electric car.

electric cars
Electric cars

An electric car typically has fewer components than a traditional gasoline or diesel car.

Typically, an electric car is composed of the body, electric motor, battery, charging port, gearbox, onboard charger, auxiliary battery, cooling system, electronic control unit, and power inverter.

The battery is the largest component in an electric car, taking up most of the space. Manufacturers often place the electric car battery right underneath the car’s floor.

The battery pack of an electric car is made up of smaller battery cells. For example, in the Tesla Model 3 electric car, the 100 kWh battery pack is made up of 7,000 cylindrical Panasonic battery cells.

On the other hand, the electric car motor is much simpler than combustion engines. The motor doesn’t have components such as pistons, cylinders, crankshafts, gears…

The gearbox of an electric car is also simpler and has only one gear. Electric cars don’t have the concept of maximum torque.

To enable the motor to receive power from the battery, it needs the support of a power inverter.

The power inverter is responsible for converting the direct current (DC) from the battery into alternating current (AC) that powers the motor.

Even when braking, the inverter of an electric car can convert the AC power generated in the process back into DC power and recharge the battery. This is known as regenerative braking technology of electric vehicles.

The electronic control unit, also known as the central control unit, plays a very important role in an electric car. It manages everything from the response of the accelerator pedal to managing the battery level and torque…

Another important component of electric cars is the cooling system. Its task is to ensure that the electric motor and other components are always maintained at the appropriate temperature.

Principle of electric vehicles.

The principle of operation of an electric car is quite simple. The battery provides electrical energy to the electric motor to generate motion for the vehicle.

The speed of the car can be controlled by changing the frequency of the electric power supplied to the motor. An electric car will have a certain range of movement before it needs to stop to recharge the battery.

How far can an electric car go?

This is perhaps the question that everyone is concerned about before spending money on an electric car. Currently, the average range per charge of an electric car is 291 km.

Meanwhile, the electric car with the longest range per charge is the Tesla Model S with 600 km.

The newly launched VinFast VF e34 electric car can travel up to 300 km on a single full charge.

What Car Care.

Add: Eyre St, Kingston ACT 2604, Australia.

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